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c++:: Using namespace std; What does that mean?

  1. C/C++

Namespaces in C++ are used to define a scope and allows us to group global classes, functions and/or objects into one group. When you use using namespace std; you are instructing C++ compiler to use the standard C++ library. If you don’t give this instruction, then you will have to use std::, each time you use a standard C++ function/entity. Have a look at the following example, which is very straight forward.

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
class MyClass {
        public: void sayHello();
};
void MyClass::sayHello() {
     cout<<"Hello World!\n";
}
int main() {
       MyClass myClass;
       myClass.sayHello();
       return 0;
}

If you are not using namespace in the above example, you will have to use std:: everywhere you use cout, like the following.

#include &lt;iostream&gt;
class MyClass {
        public: void sayHello();
};
void MyClass::sayHello() {
        std::cout<<"Hello World!\n";
}
int main() {
       MyClass myClass;
       myClass.sayHello();
       return 0;
}

More about namespaces in C++

Namespaces allow you to group different entities together. You may create your own namespaces for grouping your entities, and access them the same way you did for 'std' namespace.
#include &lt;iostream&gt;
using namespace std;
namespace myAwesomeNamespace {
 int a=10, b;
}
namespace myAwesomerNamespace {
 int a=20, b;
}
int main() {
  cout&lt;&lt;"Awesome a = "&lt;&lt;myAwesomeNamespace::a;
  cout&lt;&lt;"Awesomer a = "&lt;&lt;myAwesomerNamespace::a;
  return 0;
}

You may also use using namespace with your custom namespces.

#include &lt;iostream&gt;
using namespace std;
namespace myAwesomeNamespace {
 int a=10, b;
}
namespace myAwesomerNamespace {
 int a=20, b;
}
int main() {
  using namespace myAwesomeNamespace;
  cout&lt;&lt;"Awesome a = "&lt;&lt;a;
  cout&lt;&lt;"Awesomer a = "&lt;&lt;myAwesomerNamespace::a;
  return 0;
}

Warning: If you use namepaces that have same entities grouped in it, then it will result in ambiguity error.